An Overview of MROUND Function | Microsoft Excel

The MROUND function is one of the math and trigonometry functions in Microsoft Excel. It can be used as a standalone function and in collaboration with the other functions. This article will give you an overview of the MROUND function in Excel.

Objectives

The MROUND function rounds off a numerical value to the nearest multiple of a given number. It rounds up or down depending on the distance of the nearest multiple.

Syntax

=MROUND(number, multiple)

Arguments

  • number: It refers to the number to round off.
  • multiple: The number to whose multiple you want to round off your number.

Output

A rounded-off version of the input number.

Examples of MROUND Function

Suppose, you have the number 3.4 in cell A2. Using the MROUND function, you can round off the number to the nearest multiple of any desired number. Suppose, you want to round off 3.4 to the nearest multiple of 3. For that, use the formula:

=MROUND(A2,3)

The output will be 3.

Here are some examples of the usage of the MROUND function.

An Overview of MROUND Function in Microsoft Excel

Usage Guide of MROUND Function

Step_1: Start with inserting an equal sign (=) in a blank cell.

Step_2: Then type MROUND.

Step_3: Type open parenthesis “(“.

As you type the open parenthesis, Excel shows the syntax of the MROUND function.

Step_4: Insert a number to round off.

You can directly insert a number or a cell address that contains a number.

Step_5: Then insert a comma (,).

After inserting the comma, Excel will ask you for the second argument: the multiple.

Usage Guide of MROUND Function in Excel

Step_6: Now specify the number to whose multiple you want to round off your number.

I want to round off the number to the nearest multiple of 2. So, I have inserted 2 inside the function.

Usage Guide of MROUND Function in Excel

Final Result

The MROUND function converts 3.4  into 4. Because here, the multiple is 2. The multiples of 2 are 0,2,4,6, etc. The nearest multiple of 2 to 3.4 is 4. So the formula returns 4.

Availability

  • Excel for Microsoft 365
  • Excel 2016
  • Excel for Microsoft 365 for Mac
  • Excel 2016 for Mac
  • Excel for the web
  • Excel 2013
  • Excel 2021
  • Excel 2010
  • Excel 2021 for Mac
  • Excel 2007
  • Excel 2019
  • Excel for Mac 2011
  • Excel 2019 for Mac
  • Excel Starter 2010

Remarks

  • The MROUND function shows #VALUE! error in the case of the non-numeric values.
  • When the sign of the number and multiple are opposite, the MROUND function returns a #NUM! error.
  • If the number is an exact multiple of the desired multiple, the MROUND function doesn’t make any change.

Related Rounding Functions

  • ROUND Function rounds to the given number of decimal places.
  • ROUNDUP Function ⋙ rounds up a numerical value to a specific decimal place.
  • ROUNDDOWN Functionrounds down a numerical value to a specific decimal place.
  • CEILING Functionrounds up a numerical value to the nearest integer or the nearest multiple of significance.
  • FLOOR Function rounds down a numerical value to the nearest multiple of significance.
  • INT Functionrounds down a numerical value to the nearest integer number.
  • TRUNC Functionremoves specific digits from the fraction part of a number.

Conclusion

The MROUND function is one of the math and trigonometry functions in Excel. If you have any questions regarding the MROUND function, please comment below. Thanks!

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