Absolute Cell Reference or Absolute Reference is used to lock a cell address.
It locks up the references so that the cell address does not change while copying the formula.
The absolute cell reference is identified by the dollar sign ($).
You can apply the absolute cell reference by adding the dollar sign ($) before the column and row numbers.
Press F4 or press Fn+F4 (if the F4 is preoccupied with another function).
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Example of Absolute Cell Reference
Some of the examples of absolute cell references are $A$1, $G$5, $H$2, etc.
How to Use Absolute Cell Reference
Here is a list of items (column A) and their individual prices (column B). Each of the items is brought in 5 pieces (row 8). I am going to calculate the total prices (column C) of each item.
Step_1: Add absolute cell reference ($ sign) to cell B8 and the first item price.
Step_2: Press ENTER.
Step_3: Double-click the Fill Handle to copy the formula down.
All the item prices are multiplied by the quantity.
The absolute cell reference is a very useful referencing system where you have to fix the cell address. I hope you have got an overall idea about absolute cell reference and its usage.